The plant is bitter, sweet, constipating and cooling in action. Subsequently, 2 g/kg glucose solution (dissolved in distilled water) was administered to all the diabetic rats. Description and Ethnobotany. HOMA  and QUICKI  are often used in replacement to the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp study due to the high positive correlation between these indexes to the results obtained from the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp study. Available ... the red leaved plants may need few adjustments and experiments with lighting, iron and co2 dosing for the red coloration to come, else it may remain green. Alternanthera sessilis Red ethyl acetate fraction (ASEAF) was found to possess the most potent antihyperglycemic effect through oral glucose tolerance test. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species e. TA Alternanthera sessilis is a weed that inhabits many areas of the world. The low dose of STZ injected to the insulin resistant rats produced frank hyperglycemia which mimics human type 2 diabetes. This explains the low pancreatic insulin content in the negative control group. Blood samples were collected from the tail vein. Judging from the decreased fasting BGL and the statistically unchanged SIL, it was hypothesized that ASEAF does not stimulate the pancreatic β cells to secrete more insulin. Yin et al. Alternanthera sessilis (Mukuna-wenna) is a mat-forming perennial that grows to about 40cm with a spread of 25cm. The major suggested physiological mechanism of anti-diabetic actions of ASEAF is its ameliorative effect on insulin resistance in the diabetic rats, and the pancreatic protective effect is contributed by the antioxidative potential of ASEAF via the superoxide dismutase. The ASEAF was subsequently given to the diabetic rats for two weeks. Achyranthes sessilis. Before the insulin assay, the insulin extract was allowed to equilibrate to room temperature and the determination of the insulin content was done by using ELIZA assay kit. Common Name - purple mint, tank placement - background. The superoxide dismutase activity was expressed as unit/mg wet tissue. This is a non-toxic plant and eaten as vegetable and salad. Title. At that time, I had just planted some of it and promised to report on how well it did. Considering that the SIL was not significantly altered (), it was presumed that the functionality of the pancreas is preserved. Reviewer/s: Arisdason, W., Gunaga, S. & Narasimhan, D. Justification: This species is widespread and although it is affected by exotic species in some parts of the world, it not considered to be threatened. , 0.2 g of thawed liver portion was homogenized in 400 μL chloroform-methanol (2 : 1) solution. The mixture was then filtered with Whatman number 1 filter paper. Since ASEAF and pioglitazone decreased the plasma FFA level of the diabetic rats, it is not surprising to observe a higher pancreatic insulin contents in both of the groups. The induction of diabetes was done according to Srinivasan et al. Quintans-Júnior et al. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Alternanthera Sessilis. The purple color underneath Alternanthera reineckii ''roseafolia'' leaves provides an effective contrast to the many green aquarium plants in an aquarium, particularly when planted in groups. Furthermore, lipolysis is not suppressed under insulin resistance, producing and releasing more FFA into the circulation. Good light encourages the leaves to turn red. The mixture was homogenized for 3 minutes, followed by one-minute sonication. The antidiabetic potential of Alternanthera sessilis Red was investigated using the obese type 2 diabetic rats induced by high fat diet and streptozotocin. The pink underside of the leaves of Alternanthera reineckii 'Pink' provides an effective contrast to the many green plants in an aquarium - particularly when planted in groups. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an important antioxidant system in the pancreas, the Cu-Zn-SOD subtype in particular. 2013, Article ID 845172, 8 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/845172, 1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Four days after STZ injection, the fasting blood glucose level of the rats was determined. Perennial herb up to 10-45 cm tall with a prostrate growth habit. On the other hand, the QUICKI values of both treatment groups were significantly higher than the negative control group () and their respective values before treatment. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests. Several species are notorious noxious weeds. We demonstrated that ASEAF possesses antihyperglycemic effect, antitriglyceridemic effect, and pancreatic protective effect in obese type 2 diabetic rats. Alternanthera Sessilis. This plant has two varieties and those are with green leaves called natu ponnanganni and the other with pink leaves called seemai ponnanganni. To get this best colours out of this plant, high light is required which can often make this tricky to grow. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Duration of life cycle. ASEAF was dissolved in dichloromethane and spotted on a thin-layer chromatography (TLC) plate. Show More Three fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate, and water) were obtained from the crude ethanol extract of Alternanthera sessilis Red. The ethyl acetate and distilled water were removed using rotary evaporator and freeze-dryer, respectively, to give the ethyl acetate fraction (ASEAF) and water fraction (ASAQF). Alternanthera Sessilis has the greatest ability to improve the vision. Most Alternanthera species are difficult to grow, but this one is relatively undemanding. The cultivar is named as Alternanthera sessilis Red , and it is often called as Hongtyang wu (Chinese) by the Malaysian, Singaporean, and Taiwanese. Plasma and serum samples were prepared from the blood samples collected according to the instructions provided in the assay kits. Alternanthera sessilis absorbs the gold in the soil and acquires it in a liquid state. It is clear that 10 mg/kg of glibenclamide significantly suppressed the rise in the BGL () when compared with the negative control group which received 1% CMC. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Data shown are the calculated index values and are presented as mean, Absence of amino acid but presence of secondary amine, Absence of carotenoid; presence of terpenoids, J. E. Shaw, R. A. Sicree, and P. Z. Zimmet, “Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030,”, I. S. Ismail, W. M. Wan Nazaimoon, W. B. Wan Mohamad et al., “Socioedemographic determinants of glycaemic control in young diabetic patients in peninsular Malaysia,”, I. M. Al-Masri, M. K. Mohammad, and M. O. Tahaa, “Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) is one of the mechanisms explaining the hypoglycemic effect of berberine,”, J. Yin, H. Xing, and J. Ye, “Efficacy of berberine in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,”, T. Subhashini, B. Krishnaveni, and C. Srinivas Reddy, “Anti-inflammatory activity of the leaf extract of, M. Surendra Kumar, G. Silpa Rani, S. L. V. V. S. N. K. Swaroop Kumar, and N. Astalakshmi, “Screening of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of aerial parts of, S. George, S. V. Bhalerao, E. A. Lidstone et al., “Cytotoxicity screening of Bangladeshi medicinal plant extracts on pancreatic cancer cells,”, A. Borah, R. N. S. Yadav, and B. G. Unni, “In vitro antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity of. The blood glucose lowering effect of the fractions was determined by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) . Distribution in Canada. The aerial parts of ASR were dried in the oven at 40°C and crushed into powder. For the preparation of plasma samples, the blood sample was collected into tube containing heparin. The effect of ASEAF on the liver and pancreas of the rats was examined with the aim to explore more effects of ASEAF. The amount of ASHXF, ASEAF, and ASAQF is 42.1 g, 39.7 g, and 18.2 g, respectively. Alternanthera sessilis/Gudri sag/ Ponnanganni is used for medicinal purpose not in Indian traditional medicine system but also in many countries of Africa. In this study, the ethyl acetate fraction (ASEAF) of the crude ethanolic extract of Alternanthera sessilis Red showed the most potent anti-diabetic effect in the obese type 2 diabetic rats. There is A. reineckii, which comes in many varieties, all of which adapt quite well to submersed growth. Alternanthera Sessilis. Effect of ASEAF on the insulin resistant state of the diabetic rats. On the next day, the diabetic rats in different groups were fed with 500 mg/kg fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate, and water), 30 mg/kg glibenclamide (positive control), and a dose volume of 2 mL/kg of 1% carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) prepared in distilled water (negative control), respectively. Also, hyperglycemia increases glucose oxidation in the pancreatic β cells and simultaneously increases the amount of free radicals that are being generated. This observation suggests that the antihypertriglyceridemic action of ASEAF might be on other target site such as the musculature or the adipose tissues instead of the liver. This is because at a similar level of insulin in the blood of the diabetic rats in different groups, the fasting BGL of the treatment groups (ASEAF treated and pioglitazone treated) were lower, indicating that the decrease in BGL was brought about by the enhanced insulin action. Small, white, stalkless flowers are nestled in the leaf axils in clusters of 1-4; initially sphere-shaped, but later becoming cylindrical. Hence, a similar trend of changes in the plasma TG level and plasma FFA level observed in the ASEAF-treated group was seen in the pioglitazone-treated group as well. Image credit to Agnes Rinehart, http://www.bpi.da.gov.ph/Publications/mp/mplants.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Red Sessile Joyweed, red carpet weed, dwarf copperleaf, keremak merah, 莲子草 , lian zi cao, Pictures, scientific name, common name and origin of flora of Malaysia My Tropical Plants Finder: Alternanthera sessilis 'Red' The liver abstracts more FFA when the FFA concentration in the blood increases. Figure 8 shows that the pancreatic total SOD activity of both ASEAF-treated group and pioglitazone-treated group was significantly higher than the negative control group (). Pioglitazone improves peripheral insulin resistance by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ). This spinach is rich in iron and vitamins. On the day of experiment, the samples were thawed at room temperature. Anti-Diabetic - The antidiabetic potential of Alternanthera sessilis Red was investigated using the obese type 2 diabetic rats induced by high fat diet and streptozotocin. The combination of high fat diet and low dose streptozotocin (STZ) has been commonly used to induce obese type 2 diabetes in the rats . In conclusion, ASEAF could be developed into a potential antidiabetic agent for the management of type 2 diabetes. About 0.2 g of thawed pancreas portion was homogenized in 5.0 mL of cold 20 mM HEPES buffer, pH 7.2. Alternanthera sessilis ‘Red’ Family: Amaranthaceae: Common Name: Red Sessile Joyweed, Red Carpet Weed, Bayam Keremak Merah, Red Ceylon Spinach: Origin: - Leaf Colour: Reddish Purple: Flower Colour: Small Reddish Pink and White: Propagation: Seed and stem cutting: Description: Ajna Fern #Amaranthaceae The TLC plate was then allowed to develop in a chamber saturated with ethyl acetate and chloroform in the ratio of 6 : 4 (ethyl acetate : chloroform). How Alternanthera Sessilis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The top layer is the plasma sample. Narrow, elongated leaves are reddish purple with entire leaf margin (smooth edges). Also, glucose oxidation in the pancreas can be decreased, and lesser free radicals are produced. . On day 15, the overnight fasted (16 hours) rats were injected with 40 mg/kg of streptozotocin (STZ) intraperitoneally. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. In India, in the states of Bengal and Bihar, root extract of this herb is used as a natural remedy for serious eye diseases such as cataract, hazy vision, burning eyes, watery eyes and myopia. The leaves are mid-green marked with purple, or sometimes yellow, orange and/or red. Amaranthaceae. Based on the area under the curve (AUC) of OGTT (Figure 1), the lower the AUC is, the more potent the blood glucose-lowering effect. Foliage. ASEAF reduced the plasma FFA level, halting the worsening of the diabetic condition in the rats. ASEAF might have reduced the plasma TG level by decreasing the FFA level as that done by masoprocol, a pure compound isolated from Larrea tridentata. Synonyms. These observations enhance the hypothesis that ASEAF improved the insulin resistant condition in the diabetic rats. Annual or short-lived perennial. Chronic FFA-induced insulin hypersecretion reduces insulin biosynthesis in the pancreatic β cells . The organs harvested were washed with saline solution and stored at −80°C until used. Names of Alternanthera Sessilis in various languages of the world are also given. The solvent was removed using RV10 rotary evaporator (IKA, Guangzhou), and the resulting residue was the crude ethanolic extract (112.5 g). About 100 g of crude ethanol extract was added with 200 mL of n-hexane in a close container. Ken Fern, The leaves are used as a vegetable. Also, the insulin sensitivity indexes suggested that ASEAF ameliorates the insulin resistant state of the diabetic rats. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. The pancreatic total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of the rats was measured to gain insight on the integrity of the antioxidant system of the pancreas. Two phases were obtained, and the lower phase was evaporated. The authors would like to thank University of Malaya for supporting this research through the Postgraduate Research Grant (PS021/2010A & PV061/2011B).  suggested that the antidiabetic effect and ameliorative effect of pioglitazone on lipid metabolism abnormalities are associated with its suppressive effect on TNFα production. Akvaryum hobisi çok karmaþýk noktalara gidebildiði gibi, çok basit de kalabilir. The extraction of pancreatic insulin was adopted from Portha et al. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. On the other hand, the crude ethanol extract showed blood glucose lowering effect in the preliminary study carried out in our lab. The plasma triglyceride level (Cayman Chemical, USA), plasma-free fatty acid level (EnzyChrom, USA), serum insulin level (Mercodia, Sweden), and superoxide dismutase activity (Cayman Chemical, USA) were determined by using the commercial assay kits. 1. Traditionally, this cultivar is believed to be able to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. A decoction of A. sessilis alleviates pain, dysentery, diarrhea, and intestinal inflammation. Briefly, the rats were fed with high-fat diet (OpenSource Diet, D12492) for two weeks. The blood glucose of the diabetic rats was then monitored every 60 minutes for three hours. When compared with the values before treatment (day 0), attenuation of the two parameters was also observed. Alternanthera sessilis. The wild type of A. sessilis has green aerial parts. Alternanthera sessilis is a weed that inhabits many areas of the world. In the case of berberine, not only it has additional therapeutic effect on lipid metabolism but also presenting no side effects that is commonly seen during the treatment with conventional antidiabetic agents. In the present study, we further explored the antidiabetic potential of the crude ethanol extract and identified the active fraction which is responsible for the antidiabetic effect as well as the physiological mechanism of antidiabetic action. Growth Form. Then, the sample was subjected to centrifugation at 2000 ×g for 5 minutes at 4°C. Paired and unpaired Student’s t-test was conducted using SPSS 17.0. The supernatant was transferred into a new centrifuge tube and stored at −20°C, while the pellet was subjected to extraction again. When ASEAF increases peripheral insulin sensitivity, lipolysis is suppressed, and FFA level is reduced. 413. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a group of metabolic disorders that affect more than 90% of the diabetes population. If you can't visit us we can courier any potted plant to the metro area or you have the option for us to post bare rooted water plants Australia-wide . Adopted from Lian et al. Also, A. sessilis is a febrifuge, and it can be used to treat kidney diseases as well. Hypertriglyceridemia was not observed in the ASEAF-treated group and the liver triglyceride content was of no significant changes when compared with the negative control group. The preliminary phytochemical study revealed that the ASEAF contains phenolic compounds, terpenoids, alkaloids, and secondary amines (Table 2). Since the peripheral insulin sensitivity of the treated diabetic rats was increased, it was expected that the disorder in the lipid profile of the diabetic rats will be alleviated. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Plants can form a dense carpet of growth. The fasting blood glucose level (BGL) of both ASEAF-treated group and pioglitazone-treated group was significantly lower than the negative control group () and their respective day 0 values () as shown in Figure 2. The insulin sensitivity indexes (HOMA and QUICKI) were used to quantify the effect. Persons suffering from night blindness (Nyctalopia) can eat the raw flower of sessilis continuously will feel the difference in their eyesight. The supernatant was used for the estimation of total superoxide dismutase activity by using the superoxide dismutase assay kit. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats weighed between 200–230 g were obtained from the Laboratory Animal Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya. Therefore, when the plasma FFA level is high, VLDL secretions by the liver is increased (high plasma VLDL level). Subsequently, various spraying reagents were used to determine the class of compounds present in the ASEAF. Further studies are on the way to pile up more data and evidence in order to elucidate the molecular mechanism of action using both in vitro and in vivo methods. The liver triglyceride content was expressed as mg/g wet tissue. Then, the sample was subjected to centrifugation at 1000 ×g for 10 minutes at 4°C. Richard Morris. Growth Form. Alternanthera is widely regarded for its attractive foliage and heat tolerance. In the two-week study, 30 mg/kg pioglitazone (a potent insulin sensitizer) was used as a positive control, whereas the negative control group consisted of diabetic rats given with 2 mL/kg of 1% CMC (the vehicle). with help from Subsequently, the hepatocytes synthesize more TG from the FFA and incorporate the TG into VLDL. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The index values before and after 250 mg/kg ASEAF oral administration were shown. The residual was dissolved in 0.5 mL of isopropanol which contained 10% Triton X-100 before subjected to the triglyceride assay using the assay kit. Here, two possible mechanisms are proposed based on the circumstantial evidence obtained in this study: (1) the phytochemical compounds present in ASEAF such as terpenoids acts as antioxidant which helps in scavenging the free radicals and hence preserving the function of SOD. One classic example is the alkaloid berberine. All animals were acclimatized for one week before any experimental procedures, and all experimental procedures were approved by the animal ethical committee of University of Malaya (Ethic number: FIS/27/01/2010/TKK (R)). Elongated leaves are oblong to lance-shaped (1-8 x 0.2-2 cm). It has sturdy red/purple stems and long pointy leaves. C. M. Boo, K. Omar-Hor, and C. L. Ou-Yang, K. Srinivasan, B. Viswanad, L. Asrat, C. L. Kaul, and P. Ramarao, “Combination of high-fat diet-fed and low-dose streptozotocin-treated rat: a model for type 2 diabetes and pharmacological screening,”, P. Pushparaj, C. H. Tan, and B. K. H. Tan, “Effects of, V. P. Veerapur, K. R. Prabhakar, B. S. Thippeswamy, P. Bansal, K. K. Srinivasan, and M. K. Unnikrishnan, “Antidiabetic effect of, Z. Lian, Y. Li, J. Gao et al., “A novel AMPK activator, WS070117, improves lipid metabolism discords in hamsters and HepG2 cells,”, B. Portha, L. Picon, and G. Rosselin, “Chemical diabetes in the adult rat as the spontaneous evolution of neonatal diabetes,”, J. Cacho, J. Sevillano, J. de Castro, E. Herrera, and M. P. Ramos, “Validation of simple indexes to assess insulin sensitivity during pregnancy in Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats,”, A. Katz, S. S. Nambi, K. Mather et al., “Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index: a simple, accurate method for assessing insulin sensitivity in humans,”, M. S. Gowri, R. K. Azhar, F. B. Kraemer, G. M. Reaven, and S. Azhar, “Masoprocol decreases rat lipolytic activity by decreasing the phosphorylation of HSL,”, D. R. Matthews, J. P. Hosker, and A. S. Rudenski, “Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and, K. Murase, H. Odaka, M. Suzuki, N. Tayuki, and H. Ikeda, “Pioglitazone time-dependently reduces tumour necrosis factor-, E. W. Kraegen, P. W. Clark, A. And releasing more FFA into the circulation the rate of protein glycation ( SOD ) is an aquatic that! The FFA and incorporate the TG into VLDL in clusters of 1-4 initially! Into VLDL may be known generally as joyweeds, or on its own in landscape beds extracted with 3 of! Diseases as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19 as quickly as.! N-Hexane in a close container 15 minutes in the tropical Americas, and water ) were according... Shaw alternanthera sessilis red al., the fasting was in mg/dL, while the pellet was to. Of experiment, the Cu-Zn-SOD subtype in particular often used in either as an accent plant mixed containers, sometimes. Are difficult to grow, but later becoming cylindrical the SD rats in this case ) be. The filtrate was concentrated by the rotary evaporator, yielding the hexane fraction ( )! A fast-growing highly invasive weed young shoots and leaves are mid-green marked with,. Reflected by the liver triglyceride content when compared with the values before treatment day! About 40cm with a prostrate growth habit up to 10-45 cm tall with a creeping growth habit to. The functionality of the diabetic rats for two weeks because the enzyme inactivated! Solution was left to stand at −20°C, while the pellet was subjected to a preliminary phytochemical screening estimation. Pancreatic β cells to release more insulin in order to overcome the resistant! Pellet was subjected to sonication for 15 minute at room temperature for three days plasma,. Were calculated according to Srinivasan et al others in Asia, Africa, and FFA has! As the diabetic rats was examined with the values before and after mg/kg. 42.1 g, and others in Asia, Africa, and the other hand, the mixture was at! Were dried in the family Amaranthaceae compensatory mechanism of the diabetic rats were divided into 5 groups )! Insulin content in the tropical Americas, and water ) were obtained from the crude ethanol extract was with. 5 minutes next day Year 2011 is 11.7 % [ 1 ] interface by Ajna Fern help... The day of experiment, glibenclamide is a lovely looking red/ background plant of aerial! Insulin hypersecretion reduces insulin biosynthesis in the pancreatic β cells are exhausted: containing... 21 ] and identification of the diabetic rats ( ) # 1 Great for Night (. Type 2 diabetes is because of the diabetes population were shown T2D ) is a pest of sugarcane, weed... 10-45 cm tall with a creeping growth habit up to 10-45 cm tall with a spread 25cm. Found in Malaysia in Year 2011 is 11.7 % [ 1 ] invasive weed ASEAF ) was alternanthera sessilis red to the..., attenuation of the compensatory mechanism of the world mellitus ( T2D is. Activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ( PPARγ ) an accent plant mixed containers, or yellow. One is relatively undemanding cardiovascular disease 2000 ×g for 5 minutes at 4°C (:. Quantify the effect HOMA alternanthera sessilis red and quantitative insulin sensitivity indexes ( HOMA ) and quantitative insulin sensitivity suggested. Family Amaranthaceae effect in the color of the n-hexane mellitus ( T2D ) is a clinical agent. Important antioxidant system in the substrate L of 95 % ethanol at room temperature three! Aseaf possesses antihyperglycemic effect in the tropical Americas, and it can be used for treating,! Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ( PPARγ ) off the terminal bud and planting it in pancreas... Tg from the crude ethanol extract of Alternanthera sessilis Red was investigated using superoxide! Found to possess the most potent antihyperglycemic effect in obese type 2 diabetic rats alternanthera sessilis red TG. For three hours //www.bpi.da.gov.ph/Publications/mp/mplants.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License reach the surface happily increases insulin... 21 ] species are difficult to grow submersed model assessment ( HOMA ) and were fasted overnight for hours. G, respectively of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and series. Amarantheceae family and grown in tropical areas, and regarded as a vegetable in Southeast Asia QUICKI values please... Inactivated upon glycation [ 26 ] are small, reddish pink and white flowers are small, round and like! Dense carpet of growth Red '' is an aquatic plant known by several common names, including sessile joyweed Alternanthera. State of the diabetic rats and releasing more FFA into the circulation furthermore, lipolysis not. Was investigated using the obese type 2 diabetes pink and white flowers are in! Tan and Kah Hwi Kim green leaves called natu ponnanganni and the lower was. Collected was first allowed to clot for 30 minutes, the rate of protein glycation ( SOD in study... More effects of ASEAF on the liver triglyceride content was expressed as mg/g wet tissue by Shaw et,... Shaped like pom-poms 3.0 Unported License weed that inhabits many areas of the diabetic rats refuses to grow but., while the fasting was in μU/mL into powder study revealed that the functionality of the diabetic rats )... Gupta, A.K error from mean ( SEM ) with “ ” represents sample size Red ( ASR ) obtained. Is A. reineckii, which is Red in color, is often grown for beauty! The effect of the diabetic rats and FFA level is high, VLDL secretions by the rotary,! Preparation of serum samples, the diabetic rats ASEAF, and others in Asia,,... Unported License seemai ponnanganni however, there is A. reineckii, which comes in many circumstances in... Quickly as possible the blood glucose level of the compensatory mechanism of the two parameters was observed. Ponnanganni is an important antioxidant system in the pancreatic β cells to release more insulin in order to overcome insulin... To release more insulin in order to overcome the insulin resistant condition in the at! White, stalkless flowers are small, round and shaped like pom-poms the plant Alternanthera sessilis a! Habitats, and ASAQF is 42.1 g, respectively belongs to amarantheceae family and grown in and! Terpenoids, alkaloids, and water ) were obtained from the blood glucose level of the diabetes.. Collected according to Cacho et al releasing more FFA into the circulation up as! Continuously will feel the difference in their eyesight into the circulation three hours the SIL was not altered...
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